August 14, 2009
On August the 6, 2009 KAIROS sent the following letter to the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development:
Dear Minister Strahl:
We are writing on behalf of KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives, which unites eleven national churches and church organizations in faithful work for social justice and human rights. KAIROS member churches represent millions of Canadians in thousands of communities.
KAIROS members who watched the “Oka Crisis” in the summer of 1990 continue to support a just and equitable resolution of land rights relating to the traditional or historical territory of the KanienkehÃƒ¡:ka people.
KAIROS is concerned that almost 20 years later the land rights issues have not been resolved. These ongoing issues have had profound and lasting negative impacts not only on the KanienkehÃƒ¡-ka people, but also on their neighbours in Oka and its surroundings. This situation has created divisions between people, both within and beyond the community, and has eroded trust.
Dialogue, leading to resolution, requires strong leadership and an inclusive, holistic process.
We urge your government to work with all the KanienkehÃƒ¡-ka people. Meaningful talks towards the resolution of these land issues that recognize existing groups and involve everyone will help to restore trust in the process and avoid exacerbating existing divisions. The content of these talks must address all outstanding land issues, including those that precipitated the confrontation in 1990.
We have received copies of correspondence between Ellen Gabriel, Turtle Clan KanienkehÃƒ¡:ka of KanehsatÃƒ :ke, and government officials over the past year that illustrate an exclusive and selective approach to land issues. This correspondence relates to the Agreement with Respect to Kanesatake Governance of the Interim Land Base, subsequent legislation Bill S-24, and ongoing land development in the traditional territory of the KanienkehÃƒ¡:ka people.
For example, in the letters we learn that only a minority of community members participated in the ratification vote for the Land Governance Agreement, which in the end passed by only 2 votes. This raises serious democratic concerns, as well as issues pertaining to the community’s right to self-determination. In addition, it highlights the importance of an inclusive process when addressing land issues. Since members of the Longhouse refuse to participate in band council elections or referendums (because they see them as manifestations of an imposed political system without authority or legitimacy), the referendum’s results do not reflect the positions of the entire community.
The Indian Affairs Regional Director’s 9 July 2009 letter to Ellen Gabriel illustrates the importance of acknowledging the wide range of land issues facing the community. The regional director’s decision to refer only to the process of the Land Governance Agreement ignores the larger issue of ongoing violations of the Aboriginal and treaty rights of the KanienkehÃƒ¡:ka people.
KanehsatÃƒ :ke has, on more than one occasion, filed a land claim with the federal government. For more than 300 years the land rights dispute has continued. Government documentation on the history of Specific Claims in Canada notes: “Events of the summer of 1990 prompted both renewed calls for review of claims processes, and a measure of government responsiveness.” KAIROS strongly believes that the federal government’s obligations extend to the much larger scope of this land rights dispute.
There is no doubt that the citizens of KanehsatÃƒ :ke are concerned about development on their traditional territory. The Crown has a constitutional duty to consult with Aboriginal peoples and accommodate their concerns. This duty has been repeatedly upheld by the Supreme Court of Canada. This duty to consult and accommodate is part of a process of fair dealing and reconciliation. Reconciliation is “a process flowing from rights guaranteed by s. 35(1) of the Constitution Act, 1982.”
We strongly encourage government representatives at all levels to greatly increase their efforts to engage in good faith dialogue with all the KanienkehÃƒ¡:ka of KanehsatÃƒ :ke to address outstanding concerns.
The multi-layered complexity of this territory’s history demands that the concerns of its Mohawk citizens be addressed promptly, genuinely, with respect, and in a way that recognizes the rights of the Mohawk people. Responsible government engagement with the people of KanehsatÃƒ :ke will help to ensure their rights are respected and upheld.
We look forward to your reply.
Janet Sigurdson, Co-Chair
Harold Roscher, Co-Chair
KAIROS Indigenous Rights Committee
Michael Ignatieff, Liberal Party of Canada
Gilles Duceppe, Bloc QuÃƒ©becois
Hon. Jack Layton, New Democratic Party
Todd Russell, Aboriginal Affairs Critic, Liberal Party of Canada
Marc Lemay, Aboriginal Affairs Critic, Bloc QuÃƒ©becois
Jean Crowder, Aboriginal Affairs Critic, New Democratic Party
Camil Simard, Regional Director, Quebec Regional Office, Indian and Northern Affairs
Premier Jean Charest, Gouvernement du QuÃƒ©bec
Pierre Corbeil, SecrÃƒ©tariat aux Affaires Autochtones Ã¢â‚¬” Gouvernement du QuÃƒ©bec
Governor General MichaÃƒ«lle Jean
Yvan Patry, Maire MunicipalitÃƒ© d’Oka
James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Paul Nicholas, MCK